Local hard rock band known for their 45 “Action Woman”


The Litter

2 Tabs + 2 Victors + Tom Murray = The Litter

July 23, 1966: The Victors (from the Minnetonka area) play their final job. In the band are Denny Waite (vocals) and Jim Kane (bass guitar and vocals). 

August 20, 1966: The TaBS (from the St. Paul area) play their final job. In the band are Bill Strandlof (lead guitar and vocals) and Dan Rinaldi (rhythm guitar and vocals).

Late August, 1966: Denny Waite, Jim Kane, Bill Strandlof, and Dan Rinaldi cross paths at the Teen Fair at the Minnesota State Fair.  The group stops in at the B-Sharp Music Store tent and watch as Tom Murray plays a drum solo.  The owner of B-Sharp Music (Jim Lopes) had issued a challenge to Tom Murray to see if he could play a one hour drum solo. The four ask Tom Murray if he wants to play in a new band and he accepts the invitation.   The new band starts to rehearse in the basement of the Kane residence in Excelsior and Jim Kane comes up with the name, The Litter (as in a litter of puppies as opposed to trash thrown on the road).  

Jim Kane is the leader of the band and handles all the finances. Dick Shapiro books the band. Kane has a friend in England who sends him British record albums through the mail. The Litter plays numerous cover versions of songs they learn from the British albums. Fans of The Litter hear some British cover songs for the first time, often before their albums are released in the United States. Some people think the British cover songs are actually original Litter songs.

November, 1966: The Litter begin recording an album at Dove Recording Studio in Bloomington with Warren Kendrick producing and writing two songs for the band: “Action Woman” and “Soul Searchin’.” Kendrick already knew Jim Kane and Denny Waite, as Kendrick had recorded the Victors.

The band completes recording of three songs, the two written by Warren Kendrick and “A Legal Matter” which is a cover of a song by The Who.

Tom “Zippy” Caplan is a local guitar player and had played with various local bands going back to 1960 with The Uniques, followed by The Continentals, The Escapades, Froggy and his Friends, The Weekends, and the Accents.  While playing with The Accents at Mr. Lucky’s, Caplan is approached by two local songwriters, Larry Loofburrow and Ted Dooley who were impressed with Caplan’s guitar playing. The two songwriters hire Caplan to write guitar parts for their songs.  Their first recordings are done at a studio in New York. More songs are recorded back in Minneapolis at AudioTek with Caplan playing guitar and bass guitar on their demos.   Marv Dahlgren (from Dahlgren’s Drum Shop) plays drums on the songs.

Caplan leaves The Accents as their popularity wanes and the new progressive rock/psychedelic music begins to come in.  About a month after leaving the band Caplan hears back from the songwriting duo who are now planning to go to California to re-record some of their demo’s and record new demo songs.  They are also trying to get a recording contract for the two of them performing as a duo. Caplan is offered room and board and $25,000 a year contingent on the duo getting a record contract.  He accepts the terms and winds up in a house in Long Beach with Loofburrow and Dewey.

The group auditions for Tower Records and the company likes their material and wants to sign them to a contract, however Loofburrow and Dooley ask for numerous revisions to the contract and eventually Tower drops the offer.

“Action Woman” 45  –  A Monster Record is Born

January, 1967: “Action Woman” backed with “A Legal Matter” are released on a 45 on Kendrick’s Scotty label.  This is the first “hard rock” 45 to be recorded and released by a local band.  The A-side gets played on local radio and in some regional markets and the popularity of the band increases.  The band plays at ballrooms, armories, and clubs in Minnesota and also in others states in the upper Midwest.  At Proache’s Popular Ballroom in Ellsworth, Wisconsin, the band opens a show for The Yardbirds.

Early, 1967: On occasion Caplan borrows Loofburrow and Dooley’s car and heads to Hollywood and checks out some of the newer psychedelic bands playing at clubs on the Sunset Strip including Iron Butterfly and likes the new sounds.  Caplan hears about The Litter from his girlfriend in Minnesota and takes an interest in what she says. She also mentions The Stillroven.  At this point in time he realizes that Loofburrow and Dooley are not going to get a recording contract and he is tired of sitting around the house in Long Beach and decides to return to Minnesota.  

Caplan had known Jim Kane from earlier days and got in touch with him back in the Twin Cities. Kane knows that Bill Strandlof is not happy with the musical direction of the band and that he may leave the band at any time and is thinking that Caplan may be a good fit for the group if Strandlof leaves. Kane   invites Caplan to come out and see The Litter play live. Caplan goes to the Prom Center in St. Paul and checks out the new rock band and is highly impressed with their music and their long hair and wild clothes. Kane informs Caplan that Bill Strandlof may leave the band and if that happens they will need a new guitar player.  Kane invites Caplan to ride with the band to their upcoming concerts with the idea that Caplan will need to know the song list in the event Strandlof leaves and Caplan takes over on lead guitar.

Exit Bill Strandlof  –  Enter Tom Caplan

At a concert in Rochester, Minnesota, Bill Strandlof reaches the breaking point of his frustrations and pushes one of his amps off the front of the stage and throws his Amp head back stage… barely missing Caplan and Phil Berdahl (drummer for The Stillroven) who were standing below the stage and having a conversation.  The Stillroven were also on the bill for the show.   Strandlof tells the group he has quit the band and Kane responds that he is fired. Kane asks Caplan when he can start playing with the group and Caplan tells him he can start that night.  The new lineup for The Litter is:

Denny Waite: Lead vocals, organ, harp.

 Dan Rinaldi: Rhythm guitar and vocals.

Tom Caplan: Lead guitar.

Jim Kane: Bass guitar.

Tom Murray: Drums.

After Caplan had been playing in the band for several months, the band goes back into Dove Recording Studio and records more songs.

“Distortions” LP  –  Fuzz Tone Rules

Summer, 1967: Warren Kendrick releases the first album for The Litter called “Distortions” with a pressing of 2,000 copies. Kendrick comes up with the name based on the heavy use of the “fuzz tone” guitar sound on the songs.  The album is released with no name for the record label. (The label states: Warick Productions).

The Litter – “Distortions”

Side One:

Song 1. “Action Woman” (Warren Kendrick)

Song 2. “Watcha Gonna Do About It” (Small Faces)

Song 3. “Codine” (Buffy Saint Marie)

Song 4. “Somebody Help Me” (Spencer Davis Group)

Song 5. “Substitute” (The Who) and “The Mummy” (Caplan – Bomberg)

Side Two:

Song 1. “I’m So Glad” (Cream)

Song 2. “A Legal Matter” (Yardbirds)

Song 3. “Rack My Mind” (Yardbirds)

Song 4. “Soul Searchin’” (Warren Kendrick)

Song 5. “I’m A Man” (Spencer Davis Group)

“The Mummy” started off as a break song used between sets when Caplan was in the Accents (and prior to that band, the Escapades). He had heard the song in soundtrack for the Boris Karloff movie “The Mummy” from 1932 and worked with local keyboard player Bernie Bomberg to figure out how to play the song in 1963. Jim Kane played the Hammond organ on the recording and Denny Waite played the organ part at live performances.   

“Hey Joe” was recorded but was not included on the album.

A second 45 is released by The Litter. The A-side is “Somebody Help Me” and the B-side is “I’m A Man.” This 45 is on Kendrick’s Warick label. Kendrick uses three record label names for the local bands he records: Scotty, Warick, and Hexagon

All of the songs on the album are recorded on a four-track machine at Dove with the instruments recorded live and the vocals over-dubbed.  Bill Strandlof is not credited on the album for the three songs he played lead guitar on: “Action Woman”; “A Legal Matter”; and “Soul Searchin’”.

Off to Chicago to Rock the Windy City

Spring, 1968: With their first album out, the band gains in popularity and start playing in Chicago on a regular basis including a newly opened club in the uptown area called the Electric Theater, which changes names to the Kinetic Playground in August, 1968. At the club the band opens up for popular national and international acts including Eric Burdon and the Animals and the Byrds.  The Litter are the headliner band when local Chicago bands play the venue.  The Litter also plays at various clubs in the “Old Town” area on the north side of Chicago that features clubs, restaurants, and clothing stores.  Another venue they play at is the Chicago Amphitheater. The band gets to know members of local Chicago bands including the Shadows of Knight and the Buckinghams.

The band hires Scott Doneen to be their manager. Scott is from Chicago.

The group adds to their stage show by using flash-pots and a fog generator and Dan Rinaldi starts smashing his guitar on stage at the end of the show.  Dan sings lead vocals on “Talk Talk” a national hit for the Music Machine in late 1966/early 1967. Dan’s intensity on the vocals makes this one of the highlights of each show, along with the band wrecking their equipment at the end of the closing song “I’m A Man” which creates a “buzz” regionally as no other Midwest rock bands are wrecking their musical gear in this time frame.

1968: The Litter begin recording their second album at Warren Kendrick’s studio, Audio City, on East Lake Street in Minneapolis and at AudioTek in Minneapolis. In addition, the band travels to Amarillo, Texas to record three songs with record producer Ray Ruff: “Mindbreaker;””(Under the Screaming Double) Eagle;” and “Blues #1.”  Ruff also has the band record the instrumental tracks for a song called “Angelica” for J. Frank Wilson who had a national hit in 1964 with “Last Kiss.” The song, a slow ballad written by the highly successful songwriting team of Barry Mann and Cynthia Weil, is completed but never released.  The song was originally released on Capitol Records by Barry Mann in July, 1966 but was not a hit.

Tom Caplan, Larry Loofburrow, and Ted Dooley go to Los Angeles (Gold Star Recording Studios) to record demo songs for The Litter written by Loofburrow.  A total of eighteen songs are recorded. Also playing on the demo songs are Roy Hensley (bass guitar player with the Castaways), David Rivkin (lead guitar player with the Chancellors), and Bruce Pedalty (keyboard player with the Accents).  

“$100 Fine”  –  Album Number 2

Warren Kendrick releases second album by The Litter called “$100 Fine” on the Hexagon label.  1,000 copies are pressed.

The Litter – $100 Fine

Side One:

Song 1. “Mindbreaker” (Jim Kane & Denny Waite)

Song 2. “Tallyman” (Jeff Beck)

Song 3. “Here I Go Again” (Eire Apparent)

Song 4. “Morning Sun” (Larry Loofburrow)

Song 5. “(Under the Screaming Double) Eagle” (Tom Caplan, Woody Woodrich & Denny Waite)

Song 6: “Apologies to 2069” (Warren Kendrick)

Side Two:

Song 1. “Kaleidoscope” (Procol Harum)

Song 2. “Blues One” (Tom Caplan & Denny Waite)

Song 3. “She’s Not There” (Zombies)

The name of the album came from Caplan who noticed a highway sign that said” No Littering – $100 Fine.” The Zombies cover song “She’s Not There” is arranged by Tom Caplan and Randy Resnick (a local guitar player).  Caplan had suggested to Kendrick that the album cover show a picture of the band members blown up large enough to show the printing dots with a “close up” showing the “dots.” Instead, Kendrick stakes the idea and uses a photo of one of Tom Murray’s drums blown up for the “abstract” cover photo. 

“Apologies to 2069” was put together by Kendrick using parts of a slowed down version of “Action Woman” and parts of “Tallyman” and Kaleidoscope” played backwards… with electronic sounds effects added to the altered songs. The “song” was added to fill up the space on Side 1 of the album. The “song” is Kendrick’s apology to a future generation for the crude sound recordings from 1968.

On “Kaleidoscope” Kendrick uses a recording technique known as phase shifting (or phasing) where a track is played with a second identical track which is played just slightly out of sync with a resulting swishing or swirling sound. Another method is simply placing a pencil or pen under the tape as it is moving and making an upward or downward motion to it.

On the Road Again  – and Again  –  and Again 

In addition to playing heavily in Chicago, The Litter plays at the Peppermint Lounge in New York, the three Cheetah clubs (Chicago, New York, and Los Angeles), various venues throughout the Midwest, the upper northeast area, and also Canada. The band plays on the same bill with numerous national and international acts including: The Who; Brian Auger and Trinity; Canned Heat; Iron Butterfly; Genesis; Eric Burdon and War; Blue Cheer; The Stooges; The Amboy Dukes; Joe Cocker; Grand Funk Railroad; Led Zeppelin; Cream; Three Dog Night, Mountain, Jethro Tull, Savoy Brown, Creedence Clearwater Revival and others.

On a trip to Los Angeles to play at The Cheetah Club with Iron Butterfly, Genesis, and Gary Puckett and the Union Gap, the band auditions for numerous major record companies including Elektra and Atlantic. Elektra offers the band a deal to stay at a house in Los Angeles and write original songs for a new album, with the label footing the bill, however the band turns down the deal. 

Kendrick releases another version 45 of “Action Woman” on the Warick label. This time around the B-side is “Watcha Gonna Do About It.”

“Medium Cool”  –  The Movie

May 5, 1968: The Litter opens up a show for Cream at the New City Opera House in Minneapolis.  Cream is late to arrive and The Litter plays an extended set for an hour and a half.

August 18, 1968: The band is hired to perform seven songs at The Electric Theater for a Paramount Pictures movie called “Medium Cool.” A production company films the band live and records the audio tracks as well. For one day of work the band is paid $500. The band members look forward to the release of the film.

The owner of The Electric Theater, Aaron Russo, informs The Litter that he would like to manage the group. The band turns down the offer and stick with Warren Kendrick as their manager.

The filming of the band playing seven songs for the movie is the last job for Tom Caplan and Denny Waite. Caplan gives the band notice and drives back to Minnesota with Woody Woodrich to pursue putting together a new band. Denny Waite also returns to Minnesota to take some time off from the band.  Two former members of the Minneapolis hard rock band Jokers Wild join The Litter, Lonnie Knight, guitar player and singer and Greg Springer, keyboard player and singer. The new lineup is:

Lonnie Knight: Lead guitar and vocals.

Gregg Springer: Keyboards and vocals.

 Dan Rinaldi: Rhythm guitar and vocals.

Jim Kane: Bass guitar.

Tom Murray: Drums.

Late September, 1968: Lonnie Knight and Greg Springer leave the band after six weeks and return to Minneapolis.   

1969: A new version of The Litter comes together with the following lineup:

Mark Gallagher:  Lead vocals.

Ray Melina: Lead guitar and vocals.

Dan Rinaldi: Rhythm guitar and vocals.

Jim Kane: Bass guitar.

Tom Murray: Drums.

Gallagher is from Joliet, Illinois and Melina is from Minneapolis.  The band continues to spend more time in Chicago compared to Minneapolis and continue to play various venues in the Midwest, the upper northeast, and California.

“Emerge” Album  –  ABC Probe

The band gets an offer from ABC – Probe to record an album. Probe is set up as a sub-label to ABC for the progressive rock/psychedelic artists and bands. Their first release was in 1968 with an album by Soft Machine. No one at ABC – Probe has been out to see the band play live. 

The Litter records an album at G.M. Studios in Detroit, Michigan. The album is released on ABC – Probe with the following songs:

The Litter “Emerge”

Side 1.

Song 1. “Journeys” (Ray Melina & Mark Gallagher)

Song 2. “Feelings” (Mark Gallagher, Tom Murray & Jim Kane)

Song 3. “Silly People” (Ray Melina & Mark Gallagher)

Song 4. “Blue Ice” (Jim Kane & Tom Murray)

Song 5. “For What it’s Worth”(Buffalo Springfield)

Side 2.

Song 1. “Little Red Book” (Love)

Song 2. “Breakfast at Gardensons” (Ray Melina)

Song 3. “Future of the Past” (Jim Kane)

The album is produced by Jim Kane, The Litter, and Punch (Edward Andres) and is engineered by Jim Bruzzese. The album cover is a photo of the band members outside their Chicago residence.  ABC –Probe takes out a full page ad in Billboard to promote the new album.  The ad shows a doctor holding a new born baby with the text: “The birth of a new band.”

A 45 is also released on ABC – Probe with “Feeling” backed with “Silly People.”

The ABC – Probe executives finally come out to watch the Litter play live at a job at the historic Grande Ballroom in Detroit. Also on the bill are Three Dog Night.

The album charts on the Billboard 200 (albums) at Number 175.  In San Juan, Puerto Rico, the 45 and album both hit Number 1. The band’s manager is unable to book the band there to take advantage of the success.

The band travels to New Orleans and play a job with Savoy Brown at The Warehouse.  At a show in California the band plays “For What It’s Worth” and Stephen Stills is there and informs them that their version is the best version he has ever heard. 

Tom Caplan’s new three-piece band, Lightning (originally called White Lightning) is now out on the road playing concerts. Lightning plays with The Litter for numerous shows including many outdoor festival shows.

ABC – Probe hires Ira Blacker to promote the band, however there is poor communication between Blacker and the band resulting in the band showing up to play jobs only to discover they are booked at the venue for a different date.  Another problem occurs when the band is out on the road performing and their album is not in the local record stores.

At a press party in New York, Ira Blacker shows up and Scott Doneen informs him he better leave as the band is not very fond of him. When the band members find out he is there they run after him but he has already made his exit.

At a job in Chicago the band opens up for The Who. Tom Murray breaks three snare drums and has no other snare drums available.  Keith Moon is watching the band and throws Murray a snare drum which he catches and uses to finish out their set.  

At a show at the Kinetic Playground, The Litter have a contest of sorts with Blue Cheer to see who is the loudest band. The Litter wins the contest.

July 18 and 19, 1969: The Litter plays a show headlined by Led Zeppelin at the Kinetic Playground. Also on the bill are Savoy Brown and Jethro Tull. Prior to the show, Tom Murray is on stage practicing with his drums and is soon joined by John Bonham, the drummer with Led Zeppelin. Soon other band members arrive to play and all members from all four bands eventually join the impromptu jam session.

July 27, 1969: The Litter performs at the Midwest Rock Festival at the State Fair Park in West Allis, Wisconsin (a suburb of Milwaukee). The Sunday show is the last of a three day event. Also on the bill for the final day of the show are: Johnny Winter, Joe Cocker and the Grease Band, Bob Seger System, Jim Schwall Blues Period, MC5, Zephyr, and Shag.

“Medium Cool”  –  What Song is That ???

August 27, 1969: The movie “Medium Cool” is released by Paramount Pictures.  The film is written and produced by Haskell Wexler and stars Robert Forster, Verna Bloom, Peter Bonerz, Marianna Hal, and Harold Blankenship. The setting for the film is Chicago in the summer of 1968 and the film explores the social and political turmoil of the time including the protests and riots at the Democratic National Convention. The music for the film is assembled by Mike Bloomfield who is Haskell Wexler’s cousin. The section in the film showing The Litter playing live does not have the audio of the band. The music playing in the film is an early recording by the Mothers of Invention. The band members are totally surprised and very disappointed when they see the film and discover that as they are playing “Here I Go Again” the soundtrack is playing an obscure song by the Mothers of Invention.  “Here I Go Again” was originally released on a single in January, 1968 by a little known UK band called Eire Apparent. 

1970: ABC – Probe release a second 45 with a non-album song “On Our Minds” (Sean Jones & Mark Gallagher) backed with “Blue Ice” (Jim Kane & Tom Murray).

March 20, 1970: The Litter are on the line-up for the First Met center Pop Festival held at Met Center (a hockey rink for the Minnesota North Stars) in Bloomington, Minnesota.  The 8 hour show goes from 4:00 pm to Midnight. Ticket prices are $5.00. On the bill with The Litter are Canned Heat, Grand Funk Railroad, Buddy Miles Express, The Amboy Dukes, Brownsville Station, The Stooges, Johnny Winter (joined by Edgar), Rotary Connection (without Minnie Riperton who was ill), S.R.C., and Truth.

The dysfunction going on with the band’s record label, distribution, management, and promotion takes a toll on the band members in terms of anger and frustration. Tensions between the band members mount.  Arguments and in-fighting escalate.  

Ray Melina leaves the band and Sean Jones joins the group. The new lineup is:

Mark Gallagher:  Lead vocals.

Sean Jones: Lead guitar.

Dan Rinaldi: Rhythm guitar and vocals.

Jim Kane: Bass guitar.

Tom Murray: Drums.

Off to New York City  –  Album Number 2 for ABC – Probe

The contract with ABC – Probe is a two album deal. The band goes to RCA in New York City and records the second album which is never released as the company goes out of business before the end of 1970 following the release of seventeen albums between 1968 and 1970. “Emerge” by The Litter was the fifth album to be released on ABC – Probe.

November 6, 1970: The Litter plays a job at the KRNT Theater in Des Moines, Iowa. Also on the bill are the Flock and another Minnesota band, Crow.

December, 1970: The Litter plays at the Kinetic Playground for a party sponsored by Playboy magazine. Several band members get into trouble when they use their cigarettes to pop the balloons that one of the Playboy “bunnies” is wearing.

Late, 1970: Jim Kane leaves the band and is replaced by John Sutphen. The new lineup is:

Mark Gallagher:  Lead vocals.

Sean Jones: Lead guitar.

Dan Rinaldi: Rhythm guitar and vocals.

John Sutphen: Bass guitar.

Tom Murray: Drums.

Strangeness Happens  –  Enter Captain Schlep

1971: The new lineup takes a radical change in their music, fueled by the animosity towards their record label and the frustration with the business side of the music industry.  Mark Gallagher shaves off his hair and his eyebrows and wears hot pants with leotards and calls himself Captain Schlep. With his new stage image, Gallagher now writes dark lyrics with a negative vibe and the band comes up with dissonant music in unusual time signatures that sounds like no other band.  Tom Murray calls the new sound “abstract rock.” On One song the band incorporates parts of a song from the soundtrack to The Wizard of Oz along with portions of “They’re Coming to Take Me Away” (a novelty song by Napoleon the 14th). They also do a cover version of “Puff the Magic Dragon” (a folk/pop song by Peter, Paul, and Mary).

The new songs are recorded in Minneapolis. The recordings become known as “The Wretch Tape.”

The “new” version of The Litter seems to have a shock effect on many audiences who sometimes sit silently after the final song, absorbing the strangeness of the band and their new musical direction.

Final Band Version  –  Winding Down

Late Summer, 1971: Mark Gallagher, Sean Jones, and John Sutphen leave the band. A new lineup forms as follows:

Casey MacPherson:  Lead vocals.

John King: Lead guitar.

Dan Rinaldi: Rhythm guitar and vocals.

Mike Rowe: Bass guitar.

Tom Murray: Drums.

Late, 1972: The Litter comes to an end.



On September 19, 1990, The Litter reformed to play a reunion concert at the Mirage in Minneapolis. Playing for the event were Denny Waite, Dan Rinaldi, Tom Caplan, Jim Kane, and Tom Murray.  Woody Woodrich played bass guitar for all songs except for three songs with Jim Kane on bass guitar. The concert was filmed and recorded and eventually released in video and audio formats.

In 1991, a new version of The Litter formed to play live and record demo songs.  In this lineup were Mick Stanhope, Denny Waite, Tom Caplan, Dan Rinaldi, and Tom Murray.

In 1992/1993 another version of The Litter formed to record a new album (CD format) called “Old Dogs and New Tricks.” In this lineup were Denny Waite, Mark Gallagher, Tom Caplan, Dan Rinaldi. Mick Stanhope, Bob Hood (keyboards), and Rick Ottum (bass guitar and vocals). The group also played concerts. Denny Waite and Mick Stanhope were on the album but did not play live with the group.

In 1998, The Litter recorded a new studio album produced by Joey Molland (from Badfinger). The album “Re-Emerge” was released in CD format with seventeen songs.  This version of the band featured Mark Gallagher and Mick Stanhope on lead vocals, along with Denny Waite, Dan Rinaldi, Tom Murray, Bob Hood, and Rick Ottum.  Numerous local musicians made “guest” appearances on the album including: Joey Molland (guitar); James Walsh (keyboards and vocals); Andy Bailey (keyboards); and Larry Wiegand (bass guitar). Included on the album was a new version of “Action Woman.”

In 1998/1999, a new version of The Litter formed to play live shows. In this lineup were Denny Waite, Dan Rinaldi, Bill Grenke on bass guitar, and Johnny Haga on drums.

From 2001 through 2015, The Litter played numerous reunion concerts in the Twin Cities.  Playing in the band during this era were Denny Waite, Tom Caplan, Dan Rinaldi, Bill Grenke, and Joe Scanlon (on drums).  

In 2016 a new version of  The Litter came together with Denny Waite, Tom Caplan, Tom Murray, Denny Johnson (bass guitar) and Bernie Bomberg (rhythm guitar).  This version of the band played the following jobs:

The Myth in Maplewood, Minnesota on November 25, 2016.

St. Croix Casino in Webster, Wisconsin on July 28, 2017.  On this job the band opened up for Steppenwolf . The stop in Wisconsin was part of a 50th Anniversary Tour for Steppenwolf.

Mancini’s in St. Paul, Minnesota on June 10, 2018.

The Litter – Releases after 1969


“Action Woman” (1979) Pebbles Volume 1 Vinyl LP – BFD Records

“I’m a Man” (1979) Pebbles Volume 2 Vinyl LP – BFD Records

“Distortions” (1990) Vinyl LP – K-Tel Records

“Distortions” (1990) CD – K-Tel Records

“$100 Dollar Fine” (1991) CD – ERA Records (K-Tel)

“$100 Dollar Fine” (1991) Cassette – ERA Records (K-Tel)

“Distortions” (1993) Cassette – ERA Records (K-Tel)

“Hey Joe” The Scotty Story (1994) – CD – Arf Arf Records

“Action Woman” Garage Band Classics (1998) – CD – Simitar Records

“Action Woman” (1998) Pebbles Volume 1 CD – AIP Records

“Action Woman” (1998) Nuggets 4 CD Box Set – Rhino Records

“Distortions” (1999) Vinyl LP – Get Hip Archive Series

“Distortions” (1999) CD – Arf Arf Records

“$100 Fine” (1999) Vinyl LP – Get Hip Archive Series

“Re-Emerge” (1998) CD – Arf Arf Records

“Live at the Mirage” (1998) CD – Arf Arf Records

“Action Woman” b/w “Somebody Help Me” (1999) 7 inch 45 – Get Hip Archive Series

“I’m a Man” b/w “Hey Joe” (1999) 7 inch 45 – Get Hip Archive Series

“Live at the Mirage” (2005) CD – Arf Arf Records

“Emerge” (2009) CD – Cleopatra Records

 “Distortions” (2013) Vinyl LP – Sundazed Records

“Emerge” (2014) Vinyl LP – Cleopatra Records

“Action Woman” b/w “A Legal Matter” (2014) 7 inch 45 – Sundazed Records

“Distortions” (2014) Vinyl LP – Sundazed Records

“$100 Fine” (2016) Vinyl LP – Sundazed Records

“Wretch” (2018) Vinyl LP and CD – Cleopatra Records

“Action Woman” (2018) Vinyl LP (4 songs) – Cleopatra Records 


“Emerge” (1988) Vinyl LP – Back Beat Records – MCA (UK)

“Action Woman” (1993) Compilation 2 LP’s – Way Back (Germany)

“Distortions” (1995) CD – Taxim Records – K-Tel (Germany)

“Emerge” (2009) Vinyl LP – Lilith Records (Ukraine)

“$100 Fine” (2011) Mini-CD – Bird Song Records (Japan)

Written by Tom Campbell

Version 1. August 26, 2017

Version 2. September 12, 2017

Version 3. September 23, 2017

Version 4. October 7, 2017

Copyright by Thomas R. Campbell 2017

All Rights Reserved




Bill Strandlof  –  Lead Guitar  –  1966 to 1967

Keith Zeller and the Starliners






Dan Rinaldi  –  Rhythm Guitar and Vocals  –  1966 to 1972







Fast Eddie



Jim Kane  –  Bass Guitar  – 1966 to 1970




Tom Murray  –  Drums  –  1966 to 1972



Tom “Zippy” Caplan  –  Lead Guitar  – 1967 to 1968




Froggy and His Friends




White Lightning – Lightning


Surf Dawgs

Where are they now?

Jim Kane: Unknown.

Denny Waite: Playing with the Litter. Living in Minnesota.

Bill Strandlof: Passed away at age 49 on March 4, 1995. He was living in Minnesota at the time of his passing.

Tom Murray: Playing with the Litter. Living in Colorado.

Dan Rinaldi: Passed away at age 70 on June 5, 2015. He was living in Minnesota at the time of his passing.

Tom “Zippy” Caplan: Playing with the Litter and the Surf Dawgs.

Mark Gallagher: Passed away at age 60 on February 24, 2009. He was living in Minnesota at the time of his passing.

Ray Melina. Passed away.

Sean Jones: Passed away at age 62 on February 13, 2011.


(interview here)